Policy, Act, Rules, Regulations and Guidelines related to the DoF

The Master Plan for the Forestry Sector, 1989  is considered as a basic policy document. The following are the major documents related to the Forest policy, Act, Rules and Regulations.

  • National Conservation Strategy 1988
  • Master Plan for the Forestry Sector Nepal 1989
  • Forest Act 1993
  • Community Forestry Directives 1994
  • Forest rules 1995
  • Revised Forestry sector Policy 2000
  • Leasehold Forest Policy 2002
  • Five- year Periodic Plans (Current 10th: 2002- 07)
  • Operational Guidelines (revised) 2002
  • National Biodiversity Strategy 2002
  • Monitoring and Evaluation concept and strategies 2002
  • Collaborative Forest Management Guideline 2003
  • Forest Products Auctioning Procedure 2003
  • Non Governmental Service Providers Guideline 2003
  • Terai Arc Landscape-Broad Strategies 2004
  • Forest Nationalization Act 2013 Bikram Sambat(B.S.)
  • Plant Protection Act 2029 B.S.
  • Environment Protection Act 2053 B.S.
  • National Parks and Wildlife Protection Act 2029 B.S.
  • Local Self Government Act 2055 B.S.
  • Land Act 2019 B.S.
  • Plant Protection Rules 2031 B.S.
  • Environment Protection Rules 2054 B.S.
  • Local Government Rules 2056 B.S.
  • Forest Inventory Guidelines 2057 B.S.
  • Land Revenue Act 2034 B.S.
  • Procedural Guidelines for the sale of  Forest Products 2060  B.S.
  • Non-Government Service Provider’s Service and Procurement Guidelines, MFSC, 2004
  • Wetland Policy 2059 B.S.
  • IEE/EIA Review Guidelines for Forestry Sector 2060  B.S.

Salient Features of the Forestry Sector Policy 2000

  • Forests in Terai and Inner- Terai will be categorized, delineated and published in the Gazette;
  • Terai and Inner Terai  forests will be managed in Blocks and each block will be further divided into Compartments for Sustainable Forest Management;
  • A Collaborative Forest Management Approach would be applied to improve forest and bio-diversity largely following natural processes;
  • As existing stocks of timber together with fallen trees can meet the present demand of timber, green trees from such forest blocks will not be felled for commercial purpose at least for 5 years;
  • The open forest land and shrub land detached from large blocks of forests of Terai, Inner- Terai and Siwaliks would be gradually handed over as Community Forests. Forest products will be harvested on annual increment;
  • Siwaliks (Churia Range) will be managed as protected forest as these areas are geologically fragile and absorb rainwater to recharge ground water of Terai. An Integrated Watershed Conservation Program will also be continued in the Siwalik.
  • A legal measure will be taken up so that 25% of the income of government managed forests would go to Village Development Committee (VDC) and District Development Committee (DDC);
  • The surplus Timber(Sal and Khair) in the Terai districts from Community Forest after fulfilling communities demand will be sold and the 15% of the revenue would be collected by Government of Nepal for program implementation in the F.Y. 2061/62 (Amended in 2061/4/1)

Forest User Group will be formed from among the households residing near by forests and community development programs will be initiated. Fuelwood and fodder would be easily available to such groups free of costs. Opportunities of income generation will also be provided.